Monthly Archives: April 2013

April 29 – Populations and Sampling

Readings: Amitav Banerjee and Suprakash Chaudhury, “Statistics Without Tears: Populations and Samples”, Industrial Psychiatry Journal 19(1): 60–65, 2010 Techniques such as systematic sampling, stratified sampling, and cluster sampling that are classified in this paper as random sampling are best viewed … Continue reading

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April 24 – Measurement and Meaning

Readings: Clyde H. Coombs, Robyn M. Dawes, and Amos Tversky, “Psychological Measurement Theory” (Chapter 2), Mathematical Psychology: An Elementary Introduction, Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1970, pp. 7-30 The authors write (p. 17) that “no measurement theory for intelligence is available.” What reasons … Continue reading

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April 22 – Prediction

Readings: Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky, “On the Psychology of Prediction”, Psychological Review 80(4):237-251, 1973 ‘Prediction’ as a task of judgment or scientific modeling has a slightly different meaning from the common one. It does not always have to be … Continue reading

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April 17 – Scientific Explanation

Readings: David Hume, “Of the Idea of Necessary Connexion” – Part I, An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding, Section VII, Harvard Classics Edition (1910), originally published in 1748 This is a passage in which Hume applies his ideas about the lack … Continue reading

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Notes for future sessions

See individual sessions.

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April 15 – Induction

Readings: John Vickers, “The Problem of Induction”, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2013 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.) This article more or less identifies induction with ampliative reasoning (reasoning that adds to what we can derive from our knowldge). “Deduction … Continue reading

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April 10 – Deduction

Reading for this time was: Ernest Nagel and James R. Newman (Edited and with a new Forward by Douglas R. Hofstadter), Gödel’s Proof (Revised Edition), New York University Press, 2001 Nagel and Newman write that “the sole question confronting the … Continue reading

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